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Table 2 Changes in patient participation over time based on a repeated measure ANOVA

From: Patient participation in patients with heart failure receiving structured home care - a prospective longitudinal study

Variable Time       
Baseline (TI) 1 month (T2) 6 month (T3) 12 month (T4) F (df) Main effect over time Post-hoc a
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P-value
Patient involvement (n = 47) 19.53 (3.44) 19.28 (3.27) 19.43 (3.04) 20.21 (3.26) 1.997 (3) 0.117  
Information (n = 47) 14.77 (3.43) 15.96 (2.94) 16.23 (3.29) 16.15 (2.98) 4.861 (3) 0.003 B p = 0.009 C p = 0.008
Patient needs (n = 48) 23.60 (3.72) 24.54 (3.31) 24.60 (3.30) 24.54 (3.31) 1.998 (2.6)b 0.126b  
Overall satisfaction involvement (n = 49) 7.82 (1.80) 7.96 (1.64) 7.84 (1.88) 7.92 (1.64) 0.153 (3) 0.928  
  1. Possible score range (a higher score indicates more positive ratings): Patient involvement 6–24; Information 5–20; Patient needs 7–28; Overall satisfaction involvement 1–10.
  2. a= Bonferroni corrected p-values. Significant differences are reported as A = T1-T2, B = T1-T3, C = T1-T4, D = T2-T3, E = T2-T4, F = T3-T4.
  3. b= Huynh-Feldt correction according to violation of the assumption of sphericity.
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