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Table 3 Decision types assessed, decision appropriateness assessment standards used, and decision appropriate analysis methods of 28 studies not included in the Chi-squared analyses

From: Perceived difficulty and appropriateness of decision making by General Practitioners: a systematic review of scenario studies

  No. studies
Decision type a
Screening or testing 11
Diagnosisb 6
Treatment or management 22
Decision type sub-group a
Screening or testing Test ordering 11
Examination 5
Treatment or management Prescribing 18
Giving advice 5
Referral 8
Follow-up 4
Appointment-scheduling 0
Treatment other than prescribing 5
Method used for decision appropriateness assessment
Guidelines 14
Expert panel 5
Literature 3
Actual diagnosis 1
Combination 5
Method used to analyse decision appropriateness
Calculated agreement with decision appropriateness assessment standard 6
Calculated quality scores 5
Calculated mean proportion of appropriate or non-appropriate decisions 3
Decisions assessed on scales; mean scale ratings compared to decision appropriateness assessment standard 2
Calculated proportion of GPs making different decisions, but:  
 • Data presented with those of other HCPs 4
 • Unclear specifically which options were appropriate/inappropriate 3
 • Focussed only on certain appropriate decisions 2
 • Data presented in graphs so cannot extract 1
 • Total number analysed not specified 1
 • Scenario results amalgamated with results from other questions 1
  1. Note: GP = General Practitioner; HCP = Health Care Professional.
  2. aStudies included in multiple categories if multiple decisions of different types made.
  3. bThe studies focussing on diagnostic decisions were not sub-categorised.