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Table 1 Use of adult preventive health services among the physical disability: basic characteristics and bivariate analysis

From: Factors associated with free adult preventive health care utilization among physically disabled people in Taiwan: nationwide population-based study

    Used Did not use χ 2
Variable name N = 329264 % n 1= 53913 % n 2= 275351 % p-value
Overall rate of use     16.4   83.6  
Gender        <.001*
  Female 137698 41.8 24323 17.7 113375 82.3  
  Male 191566 58.2 29590 15.5 161976 84.6  
Age        <.001*
  40-44 years 20795 6.3 3224 15.5 17571 84.5  
  45-49 years 47257 14.4 8401 17.8 38856 82.2  
  50-54 years 44941 13.7 9039 20.1 35902 79.9  
  55-59 years 37922 11.5 8516 22.5 29406 77.5  
  60-64 years 30296 9.2 7746 25.6 22550 74.4  
  65-69 years 35532 10.8 4549 12.8 30983 87.2  
  ≥70 years 112521 34.2 12438 11.1 100083 89.0  
Educational level        <.001*
  Elementary school and under 168180 51.1 27179 16.2 141001 83.8  
  Junior high school 49103 14.9 8784 17.9 40319 82.1  
  Senior (vocational) high school 45345 13.8 7740 17.1 37605 82.9  
  Junior college and university or above 23908 7.3 3491 14.6 20417 85.4  
  Unclear 42728 13.0 6719 15.7 36009 84.3  
Marital status        <.001*
  Married 192456 58.5 33027 17.2 159429 82.8  
  Unmarried 30357 9.2 4630 15.3 25727 84.8  
  Divorced or widowed 14209 4.3 2234 15.7 11975 84.3  
  Unclear 92242 28.0 14022 15.2 78220 84.8  
Level of urbanizationa        <.001*
  Level one 28966 8.8 3158 10.9 25808 89.1  
  Level two 66465 20.2 10372 15.6 56093 84.4  
  Level three 47461 14.4 7860 16.6 39601 83.4  
  Level four 28536 8.7 4503 15.8 24033 84.2  
  Level five 51000 15.5 9053 17.8 41947 82.3  
  Level six 39836 12.1 6739 16.9 33097 83.1  
  Level seven 43417 13.2 7717 17.8 35700 82.2  
  Level eight 23583 7.2 4511 19.1 19072 80.9  
Monthly insured payroll       <.001*
  Insured dependents 111998 34.0 14367 12.8 97631 87.2  
  <15,840 66219 20.1 10338 15.6 55881 84.4  
  16,500-22,800 100385 30.5 18934 18.9 81451 81.1  
  24,000-28,800 14864 4.5 3288 22.1 11576 77.9  
  30,300-36,300 13942 4.2 3113 22.3 10829 77.7  
  38,200-45,800 12768 3.9 2643 20.7 10125 79.3  
  48,200-57,800 9088 2.8 1230 13.5 7858 86.5  
Aborigine        <.001*
  Yes 7105 2.2 1713 24.1 5392 75.9  
  No 322159 97.8 52200 16.2 269959 83.8  
Catastrophic illness/injury        <.001*
  Yes 40645 12.3 6072 14.9 34573 85.1  
  No 288619 87.7 47841 16.6 240778 83.4  
Chronic diseases       
  Cancer        <.001*
   Yes 12916 3.9 1695 13.1 11221 86.9  
   No 316348 96.1 52218 16.5 264130 83.5  
  Endocrine and metabolic disease       <.001*
   Yes 136530 41.5 27829 20.4 108701 79.6  
   No 192734 58.5 26084 13.5 166650 86.5  
  Mental illness        <.001*
   Yes 80162 24.4 16410 20.5 63752 79.5  
   No 249102 75.7 37503 15.1 211599 84.9  
  Disease of the nervous system       <.001*
   Yes 72140 21.9 12796 17.7 59344 82.3  
   No 257124 78.1 41117 16.0 216007 84.0  
  Disease of the circulatory system       <.001*
   Yes 184863 56.1 33763 18.3 151100 81.7  
   No 144401 43.9 20150 14.0 124251 86.1  
  Disease of the respiratory system       <.001*
   Yes 81821 24.9 16381 20.0 65440 80.0  
   No 247443 75.2 37532 15.2 209911 84.8  
  Disease of the digestive system       <.001*
   Yes 131055 39.8 27593 21.0 103462 79.0  
   No 198209 60.2 26320 13.3 171889 86.7  
  Disease of the urinary system        <.001*
   Yes 18007 5.5 3325 18.5 14682 81.5  
   No 311257 94.5 50588 16.3 260669 83.8  
  Disease of the skeletal and muscular system and connective tissue     <.001*
   Yes 153030 46.5 30622 20.0 122408 80.0  
   No 176234 53.5 23291 13.2 152943 86.8  
  Disease of the eyes and auxiliary organs      <.001*
   Yes 35599 10.8 6716 18.9 28883 81.1  
   No 293665 89.5 47197 16.1 246468 83.9  
  Infectious diseases        <.001*
   Yes 18318 5.6 3701 20.2 14617 79.8  
   No 310946 94.4 50212 16.2 260734 83.9  
  Congenital malformation        <.001*
   Yes 8459 2.6 1720 20.3 6739 79.7  
   No 320805 97.4 52193 16.3 268612 83.7  
  Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders       <.001*
   Yes 41891 12.7 8583 20.5 33308 79.5  
   No 287373 87.3 45330 15.8 242043 84.2  
  Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs      <.001*
   Yes 16524 5.0 3326 20.1 13198 79.9  
   No 312740 95.0 50587 16.2 262153 83.8  
  Diseases of the ear and mastoid process       <.001*
   Yes 27074 8.2 5748 21.2 21326 78.8  
   No 302190 91.8 48165 15.9 254025 84.0  
Severity of physical disability        <.001*
  Mild 153117 46.5 28742 18.8 124375 81.2  
  Moderate 128201 38.9 18860 14.7 109341 85.3  
  Severe 44097 13.4 5747 13.0 38350 87.0  
  Very severe 3849 1.2 564 14.7 3285 85.4  
  1. aLevel one: the most urbanized areas.
  2. *P < 0.05.