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Table 2 Example of analysis steps

From: Best practice and needs for improvement in the chain of care for persons with dementia in Sweden: a qualitative study based on focus group interviews

Text Meaning unit Meaning units condensed at the descriptive level Meaning unit abstracted and labelled with a code Category
Assistant nurse, nursing home: “Mm, it is that way, too. I imagine it’s a frightening disease Participants commented that it must be a frightening disease to get – to receive a fatal diagnosis, find out that you will continuously deteriorate and become dependent on other people – and that this entails a psychological defence mechanism (which prevents the person from seeking help) Knowledge about the development of the dementia disease is frightening, and may be why a person fails to seek help Knowledge makes the person afraid of seeking a diagnosis and help. Diagnosis is a prerequisite for specialized dementia care
Dementia nurse: “That’s the thing …”
Assistant nurse, nursing home: “It’s a horrible disease to get. I mean, to get a fatal diagnosis – that’s what it is … plus, the fact that you’re going to be continuously deteriorating … and won’t be able to … and you’ll be dependent on other people … and what kind of people are you going to end up being dependent on?
Dementia nurse: “It’s a psychological defence mechanism, too.”
Many: “Yeah …”
Assistant nurse, nursing home: “It’s completely natural …”