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Table 3 Comparison of the reasons the calls were placed and residents’ responses at night in patients with different clinical codes

From: Patient severity matters for night-shift workload for internal medicine residents in Taiwan

  Stable code (n = 442) Unstable code (n = 95) DNR code (n = 298) P value
Demographics     
Age (yr) 68.5 ± 15.5 72.6 ± 12.8 76.4 ± 14.2 <0.001a
Male 51.7% 69.5% 52.0% 0.005b
Classification of call reason     <0.001b
Abnormal vital sign 160 (36.2) 59 (62.1) 200 (67.1)  
Original symptom/problem 47 (10.6) 13 (13.7) 23 (7.7)  
New-onset symptom/problem 109 (24.7) 4 (4.2) 23 (7.7)  
Need for physician’s evaluation, Prescription, or procedure 109 (24.7) 16 (16.8) 43 (14.4)  
Need for explanation or communication 8 (1.8) 2 (2.1) 7 (2.3)  
Others 9 (2.0) 1 (1.1) 2 (0.7)  
Resident’s response (n = 670) (n = 346) (n = 85) (n = 228) <0.001b
Immediate visit within 15 minutes 82 (23.7) 30 (35.3) 74 (32.5)  
Telephone order with delayed visit 35 (10.1) 13 (15.3) 54 (23.7)  
Telephone order without visit 229 (66.2) 42 (49.4) 100 (43.9)  
Nurses’ satisfaction score (n =434) (n =92) (n =293) 0.147b
1 195 (44.9) 51 (55.4) 136 (46.4)  
2 167 (38.5) 33 (35.9) 101 (34.5)  
3 66 (15.2) 6 (6.5) 51(17.4)  
4 4 (0.9) 0 (0) 3 (1.0)  
5 2 (0.5) 2 (2.2) 2 (0.7)  
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation or number of cases (%).
  2. Abbreviations: DNR do-not-resuscitate.
  3. aOne way ANOVA.
  4. bPearson Chi-Square test.