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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Differences in medication knowledge and risk of errors between graduating nursing students and working registered nurses: comparative study

  Students Nurses P-value
(n = 243) (n = 203)
Age in years (SD), range (n = 441)1) 28.2 (7.6), 21-54 42.0 (9.3), 23-66 <0.001
Gender (men) 29 (11.9%) 16 (7.9%) 0.16
Childhood outside Norway (n = 445)1) 12 (5.0%) 16 (7.9%) 0.21
Mathematics beyond 1st year high-school/USS2) 105 (43.2%) 80 (39.4%) 0.42
Other education prior to nurse education 106 (43.6%) 81 (39.9%) 0.43
Part time job past 12 months (full time = 1.00) 0.23 (0.21) 0.86 (0.16) <0.001
Frequency 3) medication tasks - overall 0.6 (0.5) 1.7 (0.6) <0.001
- Drug dose calculation tasks 0.2 (0.5) 1.4 (1.1) <0.001
- Preparation tasks 0.3 (0.5) 1.8 (0.6) <0.001
- Distribution tasks 0.9 (0.8) 1.8 (0.7) <0.001
Total mean score GHQ 4) (9 items) 0.89 (0.26) 0.90 (0.23) 0.67
- Sense of coping (0-3) 0.97 (0.27) 0.79 (0.28) <0.001
- Sense of self esteem/well-being (0-3) 0.79 (0.35) 1.01 (0.23) <0.001
  1. The results are given as mean (standard deviation), or number of participants (proportion).
  2. 1)Variable with missing data.
  3. 2)Upper secondary school.
  4. 3)Frequency: 0 = less than monthly, 1 = monthly, 2 = Weekly, 3 = every working day.
  5. 4)General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) score 0-3, 0 = better than usual, 1 = as usual, 2 = worse than usual, 3 = much worse than usual.