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Table 6 Unadjusted multilevel regression analysis of health centre and patient level factors on delivery of guideline scheduled Type 2 diabetes services (n = 10674 clients; 132 health centres)

From: Duration of participation in continuous quality improvement: a key factor explaining improved delivery of Type 2 diabetes services

Outcome is >76% service delivery Unadjusted   
Predictors   OR 95% CI p-values
Audit Year 2005/6 1.00 (reference)  
  2007 1.62 (1.32-1.98) <0.0001
  2008 1.90 (1.57-2.32) <0.0001
  2009 2.41 (1.99-2.93) <0.0001
  2010 2.23 (1.80-2.76) <0.0001
  2011 2.40 (1.97-2.93) <0.0001
  2012 2.89 (2.37-3.53) <0.0001
Health Centre Characteristics    
Location Non-remote 1.00 (reference)  
  Remote 2.55 (1.22-5.35) 0.013
  Very Remote 4.57 (2.61-8.01) <0.0001
Governance Government operated 1.00 (reference)  
  Community-controlled 1.09 (0.64-1.87) 0.75
Service population ≥500 1.00 (reference)  
>500- <-1000 1.38 (0.81-2.35) 0.24
  ≥1000 0.80 (0.49-1.30) 0.37
Patient attendance in last 6 months Lower attendance 1.00 (reference)  
Higher attendance 1.57 (1.38-1.79) <0.0001
Duration of CQI participation Baseline 1.00 (reference)  
1-2 cycles 1.86 (1.66-2.09) <0.0001
≥3 cycles 2.33 (2.03-2.68) <0.0001
Patient Characteristics    
Sex Male 1.00 (reference)  
  Female 1.06 (0.96-1.16) 0.24
Age (years) ≥15- <-25 1.00 (reference)  
  ≥25- <-40 1.60 (1.09-2.35) 0.017
  ≥40- <-55 2.16 (1.48-3.15) <0.0001
  ≥55 2.61 (1.79-3.81) <0.0001
Indigenous status Non-Indigenous 1.00 (reference)  
Indigenous 1.03 (0.84-1.26) 0.80
Comorbidity One condition 1.00 (reference)  
  ≥2 conditions 1.54 (1.38-1.71) <0.0001
Complications None 1.00 (reference)  
  1-2 complications 1.44 (1.27-1.64) <0.0001
  >2 complications 1.77 (1.20-2.60) 0.004