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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for national level variables

From: Inputs for universal health coverage: a methodological contribution to finding proxy indicators for financial hardship due to health expenditure

National level variables Mean Standard deviation
Per capita total health expenditure (PPP $) 368.0 435.5
Government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure (%) 9.7 3.6
Out-of-pocket payments as a % of total health expenditure (%) 41.5 19.2
Gini coefficient of total household expenditure 0.443 0.104
Percentage of countries with predominately tax-funded prepayment (%) 76.5 42.8
Percentage of countries with predominately social health insurance-funded prepayment (%) 15.7 36.7
Percentage of countries with predominately mixed financing of prepayment (%) 7.8 27.2