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Table 1 Examples of health state descriptions

From: Health state descriptions to elicit stroke values: do they reflect patient experience of stroke?

Author Health state description
Robinson et al. 2001 [13] Mild stroke
• Your arm and leg are a little weak on one side
• Your speech is a little slurred but people understand you
• You may be unable to perform some of your usual activities
• You can look after yourself as usual
For the rest of your life
Severe stroke
• One side of your body is totally limp (paralysed)
• Your speech is slurred - it is very hard to understand you
• You are unable to perform most of your usual activities
• You cannot look after yourself without help
For the rest of your life
Hallan et al. [14] Minor stroke (Rankin scale: level 2-3)
• Your right arms is limp (paralysed) and your leg is slightly weakened
• You can think, read and speak clearly
• You have full control of bladder and bowel
• You can walk at normal speed, but with a slight limp
• You must learn to write with the left arm
• You need some help with feeding, dressing and other tasks normally requiring both arms
Major stroke (Rankin scale: level 4-5)
• The right side of your body is totally limp (paralysed)
• You can think clearly
• Your speech is slow and unclear but understandable
• You have full control of bladder and bowel
• You cannot walk at all so you must use a wheelchair
• You need some help for feeding, dressing and transferring
You are totally dependent on help for bathing
You may need to go to a nursing home