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Table 4 SPSS complex samples logistic regression analysis of US adults with NMCP (study dependent variable = opioid prescription)

From: Opioid prescribing patterns for non-malignant chronic pain for rural versus non-rural US adults: a population-based study using 2010 NAMCS data

Variables Factors Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Patient sex Female 1.310 (.631, 2.720)
Male --*
Patient age 18-39 1.094 (.297, 4.027)
40-64 1.949 (.977, 3.887)
> = 65 --*
Race/Ethnicity Caucasian --*
Non-Caucasian 2.459 (1.194, 5.066)
Education percent of university graduates in patient zip code <20% --*
> = 20% 1.031 (.489, 2.175)
Poverty percent in patient zip code <10% 1.713 (.876, 3.351)
> = 10% --*
Primary HCP visit Yes 1.162 (.515, 2.621)
No --*
Health Insurance status Have Health Insurance 1.371 (.584, 3.221)
Do Not Have Health Insurance --*
Patient now has arthritis Yes 1.309 (.514, 3.333)
No --*
Patient now has depression Yes .518 (.246, 1.089)
No --*
Geographic locale Rural 2.935 (1.416, 6.083)
Non-Rural --*
  1. *Reference category.
  2. NAMCS 2010 data (weighted n =9,325,603).