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Figure 1 | BMC Health Services Research

Figure 1

From: Billing and insurance-related administrative costs in United States’ health care: synthesis of micro-costing evidence

Figure 1

Total and added BIR costs (billions) by health care sector. Blue = total BIR; Orange = added BIR. Added defined as spending above indicated benchmark comparison. Physicians: synthesis range = $68-71 billion (total), $45-52 billion (added). Private insurer total and added BIR includes administrative costs incurred for privatized Medicare and Medicaid services ($24.5 billion and $14.2 billion, respectively).

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