Skip to main content

Table 3 Determinants of distance to the closest public clinic for adults aged 18 and older

From: Distance decay and persistent health care disparities in South Africa

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Outcome variable: Distance (km) from nearest clinic At least 2 km from nearest clinic
Black African 0.735** −0.180 −0.185 0.041 −0.108 −0.115
  (0.310) (0.311) (0.323) (0.087) (0.072) (0.074)
Coloured −0.078 −0.613* −0.601* −0.206** −0.284*** −0.292***
  (0.360) (0.337) (0.356) (0.085) (0.072) (0.073)
Primary schooling   −0.161*** −0.156***   −0.026*** −0.024***
   (0.033) (0.034)   (0.004) (0.004)
Secondary schooling   −0.158*** −0.195***   −0.020*** −0.024***
   (0.051) (0.056)   (0.007) (0.007)
Completed high school   −0.028 −0.071   0.029 0.021
   (0.158) (0.180)   (0.021) (0.021)
Tertiary schooling   0.565** 0.630***   0.147* 0.171*
   (0.219) (0.243)   (0.078) (0.087)
2nd per capita income quintile   −0.484** −0.376*   −0.085*** −0.065**
   (0.217) (0.223)   (0.032) (0.031)
3rd per capita income quintile   −0.582** −0.480   −0.141*** −0.129***
   (0.295) (0.315)   (0.039) (0.040)
4th per capita income quintile   −0.755** −0.710**   −0.193*** −0.193***
   (0.326) (0.350)   (0.042) (0.042)
5th per capita income quintile   −0.497 −0.499   −0.138*** −0.147***
   (0.341) (0.370)   (0.050) (0.051)
Number of children (<15) in household   0.186*** 0.192***   0.030*** 0.029***
   (0.052) (0.057)   (0.008) (0.008)
Number of individuals age 15 and older in household   −0.125** −0.121**   −0.005 −0.005
   (0.056) (0.054)   (0.011) (0.010)
Number of pensioners in household   0.389** 0.408**   0.043 0.058**
   (0.164) (0.177)   (0.028) (0.029)
Self-reports poor or fair health    −0.441***    −0.055***
    (0.163)    (0.020)
Observations 14,968 14,843 12,400 14,968 14,843 12,400
  1. Table reports regression coefficients from linear regressions. Sample excludes the small minority (8%) of individuals who moved recently (since 2006). The models in columns 1 to 6 include the set of control variables indicated in each column as well as an indicator that the individual is female and a quadratic in age.
  2. Results are weighted using the post-stratification weights supplied by NIDS. Standard errors that allow for correlation in the unobservables between individuals from the same sampling cluster are presented in parentheses. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1