Skip to main content

Table 1 Distance to public clinics by population group (race) and per capita income quintile for South African households

From: Distance decay and persistent health care disparities in South Africa

   (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
   Distance from household to closest public clinic
   N Distance (km) <2 km 2-5 km >5 km
Race:       
  Black African 5,611 2.61 0.669 0.187 0.144
  Coloured 1,004 2.04*** 0.884*** 0.042*** 0.075***
  White 551 1.93*** 0.674 0.287*** 0.039***
Per capita income quintile:      
  1 1,620 3.01 0.578 0.222 0.200
  2 1,793 2.68** 0.629*** 0.223 0.148***
  3 1,635 2.48*** 0.714*** 0.160*** 0.126***
  4 1,226 2.21*** 0.791*** 0.117*** 0.092***
  5 927 1.95*** 0.735*** 0.214 0.052***
  1. Authors’ calculation using NIDS and health facility data and post-stratification weights. For the 2% of households that are multi-racial, race group is defined as the majority race of household residents. The number of households differs across per capita income quintiles as households were assigned to quintiles after taking post-stratification weights into account. Asterisks in the top panel of columns 2 to 5 indicate whether White and Coloured means are statistically significantly different from Black African means at the 1% (***) and 5% (**) level. Similarly, asterisks in the bottom panel of columns 2 to 5 indicate significant differences between households in the bottom income quintile and households in other income quintiles.