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Table 1 Overall comparison of physical work hardening and cognitive work hardening

From: Using intervention mapping to deconstruct cognitive work hardening: a return-to-work intervention for people with depression

  Physical work hardening Cognitive work hardening
Identified needs Prepare injured workers to RTW Prepare employees with depression to RTW
Program outcome Facilitate a safe (and preferably early) RTW Facilitate a safe (and preferably early) RTW
Main elements Individualized Individualized
Physical conditioning Cognitive skills conditioning
Pain management Fatigue management
Job specific work simulations Job specific work simulations
Education – injury prevention, pacing, ergonomics Education – coping skills/strategies, pacing, ergonomics