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Table 1 Characteristics of all admissions among the homeless admitted for a primary ACSC and non-primary ACSC

From: Preventable hospital admissions among the homeless in California: A retrospective analysis of care for ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Characteristic N = 19,445 Primary ACSC(n = 1,754) Non-primary ACSC(n = 17,691) P-value
Age, Mean (SD) a 49.89 (-11.8) 43.62 (-12.8) <.0001
18-64 years, % 91.85% 95.36% <.0001
≥65 years, % 7.70% 3.23% <.0001
Gender, %    
Male 76.80% 74.66% 0.0487
Female 23.20% 25.34%  
Race/ Ethnicity, % a    <.0001
White 50.34% 51.72% 0.2703
Black 23.60% 17.92% <.0001
Hispanic 18.64% 17.54% 0.2476
Asian or Pacific Islander 1.25% 1.18% 0.7717
Number of chronic conditions, Mean (SD) 4.81 (-2.6) 3.56 (-2.3) <.0001
Length of stay in days, Mean (SD) 4.91 (-10.8) 7.90 (-14.5) <.0001
Total charges in dollars, Mean (SD) $45,293 (-68,930) $36,935 (-73,464) <.0001
Admission source, % a    <.0001
Emergency Department 92.65% 48.67% <.0001
Routine 4.68% 40.45% <.0001
Other health facility including long-term care 1.54% 3.86% <.0001
Another hospital 0.80% 5.03% <.0001
Disposition of patient, % a    <.0001
Routine 75.77% 73.18% 0.0191
Against medical advice 10.43% 8.41% 0.0039
Transfer to other 10.21% 14.89% <.0001
Transfer to short-term hospital 1.94% 1.79% 0.6601
Home health care 1.14% 0.54% 0.0017
Insurance coverage, %    <.0001
Medicaid 36.03% 30.12% <.0001
Self-pay 24.29% 18.51% <.0001
Other 24.29% 31.63% <.0001
Medicare 13.34% 15.82% 0.0064
Private 2.05% 3.83% 0.0002
  1. aPercentages will not add up to 100% because of insufficient data for some categories.
  2. SD: Standard deviation.