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Table 2 Distribution of variables in people aged under 60 – 2004 round (for multivariate)

From: An analysis of trends and determinants of health insurance and healthcare utilisation in the Russian population between 2000 and 2004: the 'inverse care law' in action

Variable No (%) of respondents
  Male Female
Total (by gender) 3,864 (45.9) 4,549 (54.1)
Education   
Primary/incomplete 2ry 1,077 (27.9) 854 (18.8)
Complete secondary +/- technical 1,692 (43.9) 1,580 (34.8)
Higher 1,089 (28.2) 2,111 (46.5)
Healthcare insurance   
Compulsory 3,368 (87.3) 4,203 (92.5)
Supplementary (± compulsory) 125 (3.2) 118 (2.6)
None 363 (9.4) 223 (4.9)
Use of private health care for problem   
Yes 30 (6.0) 93 (8.8)
No 467 (94.0) 967 (91.2)
Treated by   
Dr 593 (29.0) 1,302 (34.2)
Self 1,454 (71.0) 2,501 (65.8)
Marital status   
Married 2,034 (52.7) 2,244 (49.4)
Single (never married) 1,140 (29.6) 1,049 (23.1)
Divorced, not remarried 203 (5.3) 469 (10.3)
Widowed 31 (0.8) 277 (6.1)
Cohabiting (not registered) 450 (11.7) 505 (11.1)
Region of residence   
Urban 2,217 (59.3) 2,637 (61.1)
Rural 1,004 (26.8) 1,053 (24.4)
Moscow/St. Petersburg 521 (13.9) 626 (14.5)
Employment status   
Currently working 2,476 (64.1) 2,652 (58.3)
Currently on paid leave 23 (0.6) 181 (4.0)
Currently on unpaid leave 2 (0.1) 14 (0.3)
Not working (other) 707 (18.3) 965 (21.2)
Unemployed (self-report) 469 (12.1) 368 (8.1)
Pensioner, not working 185 (4.8) 367 (8.1)
Self-rated health   
Very good 104 (2.7) 55 (1.2)
Good 1,671 (43.5) 1,412 (31.2)
Average 1,862 (48.5) 2,694 (59.5)
Poor 179 (4.7) 338 (7.5)
Very poor 24 (0.6) 30 (0.7)
Some of household income comes from market economy (salary or investment)   
Yes 1,939 (50.2) 2,392 (52.6)
No 1,925 (49.8) 2,157 (47.4)
Total 3,864 (100) 4,549 (100)
Household income per person (income/sqrt no. household members) – Roubles Mean (SD), no of obs 6219.7 (15114.1) 3690 5763.4 (6081.4) 4226