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Table 1 Coverage of health insurance and use of health care-RLMS 2000–2004 (respondents aged 18 and over)

From: An analysis of trends and determinants of health insurance and healthcare utilisation in the Russian population between 2000 and 2004: the 'inverse care law' in action

   Year
Variable   2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
No of respondents
(mean age)
      
Males   3,534 (43.0) 3,902 (42.9) 4,074 (42.9) 4,137 (42.4) 4,571 (39.7)
Females   4,801 (46.7) 5,416 (46.6) 5,571 (46.7) 5,679 (46.5) 6,067 (44.5)
COMPULSORY INSURANCE
no (%)
      
Whole sample Y 7,294 (87.9) 8,516 (91.5) 8,924 (92.7) 9,148 (93.4) 10,001 (94.1)
  N 1,008 (12.1) 788 (8.5) 708 (7.4) 648 (6.6) 623 (5.9)
   Subgroups       
   Men <60 years Y 2308 (82.4) 2,683 (86.6) 2861 (87.7) 2998 (88.9) 3068 (89.5)
  N 493 (17.6) 416 (13.4) 400 (12.3) 374 (11.1) 362 (10.6)
   Women <60 years Y 3003 (89.0) 3,531 (92.2) 3691 (93.3) 3874 (94.3) 3940 (94.8)
  N 371 (11.0) 298 (7.8) 266 (6.7) 234 (5.7) 216 (5.2)
   Men >60 years Y 677 (94.4) 768 (96.6) 793 (98.5) 739 (97.8) 695 (98.4)
  N 40 (5.6) 27 (3.4) 12 (1.5) 17 (2.3) 11 (1.6)
   Women >60 years Y 1306 (92.6) 1,534 (97.0) 1579 (98.1) 1537 (98.5) 1501 (98.9)
  N 104 (7.4) 47 (3.0) 30 (1.9) 23 (1.5) 17 (1.1)
SUPPLEMENTARY INSURANCE
Whole sample – no. (%)
      
Yes   156 (1.9) 295 (3.2) 306 (3.2) 321 (3.3) 259 (2.5)
No   8,093 (98.1) 8,976 (96.8) 9,313 (96.8) 9,434 (96.7) 10,297 (97.6)
   Who pays for supplementary insurance – no. (%)       
   Enterprise   112 (71.8) 225 (76.3) 227 (74.2) 252 (78.5) 202 (78.0)
   Self   29 (18.6) 43 (14.6) 56 (18.3) 47 (14.6) 38 (14.7)
   Other   15 (9.6) 27 (9.2) 23 (7.5) 22 (6.9) 19 (7.3)
SAW PROF. FOR NEW ILLNESS
Whole sample – no. (%)
      
Yes   1,319 (37.1) 1,860 (29.5) 3,885 (69.5) 1,692 (31.3) 1,897 (32.4)
No   2,234 (62.9) 4,445 (70.5) 1,706 (30.5) 3,714 (68.7) 3,961 (67.6)
PRIVATE HEALTH CARE
Whole sample no. (%)
      
Yes   60 (5.8) 106 (7.0) 111 (7.9) 110 (8.2) 124 (8.0)
No   981 (94.2) 1,405 (93.0) 1,297 (92.1) 1,230 (91.8) 1,435 (92.1)