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Table 3 Comparative expenditure@ incurred in seeking care from different health care providers (N = 168)

From: Care-seeking behavior and out-of-pocket expenditure for sick newborns among urban poor in Lucknow, northern India: a prospective follow-up study

Expenditure GPs (n = 60)
Mean (SD)
[range]
NGCs (n = 30)
Mean (SD)
[range]
NGDs (n = 78)
Mean (SD)
[range]
p value#
(All Groups)
P value*
      GPs Vs NGCs GPs Vs NGDs NGCs Vs NGDs
Consultation + medicine 39.3 (34.0)
[1, 141]
170.2 (107.3)
[30, 450]
89.9 (134.7)
[3, 1050]
< 0.001 < 0.001 0.006 < 0.001
Conveyance 21.7 (12.8)
[0, 50]
23.7(18.4)
[0, 80]
18.4 (21.3)
[0, 100]
0.03 0.8 0.01 0.06
Combined 61.0 (38.2)
[1, 161]
193.9 (121.6)
[40, 530]
108.3 (145.1)
[3, 1150]
< 0.001 < 0.001 0.07 < 0.001
  1. @ the figures are in Indian Rupees (INR) where 1 US$ = 42 INR;# Kruskall Wallis test; * Mann-Whitney U test