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Table 1 Distribution of neonatal illnesses and care-seeking pattern in urban Lucknow (N = 481)

From: Care-seeking behavior and out-of-pocket expenditure for sick newborns among urban poor in Lucknow, northern India: a prospective follow-up study

Neonatal Illnesses Point prevalence
n (%)(95% CI)
Any outside medical care (n) Health Care provider sought
    GPs (n) NGCs (n) NGDs (n)
IMNCI (n = 107 (22.2%))      
   Diarrhea with dehydration 4 (0.8) (0.3, 2.3) 4 1 3 1
   Persistent Diarrhea 7 (1.4) (0.6, 3.1) 6 1 2 3
   Ear discharge 4 (0.8) (0.3, 2.3) 4 2 1 1
   Fever 14 (2.9) (1.7, 4.9) 4 1 0 3
   Pathological jaundice 5 (1.0) (0.4, 2.5) 5 4 1 0
   Meningitis 2 (0.4) (0.07, 1.6) 2 2 0 1
   Pneumonia 25 (5.2) (3.5, 7.7) 25 5 5 19
   Septicemia 30 (6.2) (4.3, 8.8) 30 21 6 10
   More than 10 Pustules 11 (2.3) (1.2, 4.2) 7 5 1 2
   Umbilical sepsis 5 (1.0) (0.4, 2.5) 4 1 1 2
Non-IMNCI (n = 135 (28.1%))      
   Conjunctivitis 8 (1.7) (0.8, 3.4) 7 3 3 2
   Dermatitis 11 (2.3) (1.2, 4.2) 8 3 1 4
   Diarrhea 34 (7.0) (5.0, 9.8) 29 12 6 14
   Upper Respiratory Infection 46 (9.5) (7.2, 12.6) 35 6 6 24
   Physiological Jaundice 16 (3.3) (1.9, 5.4) 16 11 3 2
   Others* 20 (4.1) (2.6, 6.4) 16 8 7 3
   Total 242 (50.3) (45.7, 54.9) 202 86 46 91
  1. GPs = Government Practitioners; NGCs = Non Government Consultants; NGDs = Non-Government Dispensers
  2. * includes vomiting = 9, oral thrush = 4, evening colic = 2, umbilical granuloma = 2, injury = 2, brachial palsy = 1