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Table 2 Multivariate analysis (dependent variable: forgone care because of costs or unavailability)

From: Association between forgone care and household income among the elderly in five Western European countries – analyses based on survey data from the SHARE-study

  Odds Ratios (95% confidence interval)
  France Germany Greece Italy Sweden
Model 1 a      
Income-Quintiles      
- 5th (high) (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
- 4th 1.09
(0.73–1.62)
1.62
(1.03–2.54)
1.42
(0.95–2.12)
0.93
(0.61–1.43)
1.07
(0.70–1.64)
- 3rd 1.13
(0.74–1.71)
1.41
(0.87–2.28)
1.83
(1.22–2.74)
0.88
(0.54–1.42)
0.76
(0.44–1.34)
- 2nd 1.78
(1.18–2.69)
1.27
(0.74–2.18)
1.97
(1.29–3.02)
1.15
(0.70–1.89)
1.27
(0.78–2.09)
- 1st (low) 1.55
(1.01–2.42)
2.18
(1.39–3.43)
2.18
(1.45–3.27)
1.34
(0.86–2.09)
1.81
(1.14–2.86)
Model 2 b      
(n)c (238) (184) (264) (181) (172)
Income-Quintiles      
- 5th (high) (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
- 4th 1.09
(0.73–1.63)
1.54
(0.98–2.43)
1.34
(0.89–2.01)
0.87
(0.57–1.35)
1.04
(0.68–1.59)
- 3rd 1.09
(0.71–1.66)
1.28
(0.79–2.08)
1.75
(1.16–2.63)
0.74
(0.45–1.21)
0.74
(0.42–1.29)
- 2nd 1.65
(1.09–2.51)
1.03
(0.60–1.78)
1.75
(1.14–2.70)
0.97
(0.59–1.61)
1.20
(0.73–1.97)
- 1st (low) 1.37
(0.88–2.15)
1.74
(1.10–2.76)
2.00
(1.33–3.02)
1.07
(0.68–1.70)
1.58
(0.99–2.53)
SAHd      
- good (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
- fair 1.60
(1.17–2.18)
2.45
(1.70–3.54)
2.43
(1.80–3.29)
2.88
(1.97–4.22)
1.68
(1.18–2.39)
- poor 2.03
(1.32–3.12)
5.00
(3.30–7.57)
4.18
(2.73–6.42)
5.78
(3.68–9.08)
1.96
(1.22–3.15)
Sexe      
- men (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
- women 1.51
(1.14–2.00)
1.06
(0.78–1.44)
1.70
(1.28–2.25)
1.55
(1.12–2.16)
1.52
(1.09–2.11)
  1. a) including: income, age, sex
  2. b) including: income, age, sex, self assessed health
  3. c) number of persons with forgone care (because of costs or unavailability)
  4. d) reference group: good SAH
  5. e) reference group: men