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Table 1 Distribution of the dependent and independent variables

From: Association between forgone care and household income among the elderly in five Western European countries – analyses based on survey data from the SHARE-study

  France Germany Greece Italy Sweden
Sample Size 3,052 2,941 2,680 2,508 2,997
Response Rate (%) 81.0 63.4 63,1 54.5 46.9
Forgone Care      
- reason 1a or 2b (n, %) 238 (7.80) 184 (6.26) 264 (9.85) 181 (7.22) 172 (5.74)
- reason 1a (n, %) 194 (6.36) 163 (5.54) 172 (6.42) 127 (5.06) 84 (2.80)
- proportionc 0.82 0.89 0.65 0.70 0.49
Sex (%)      
- men 44.89 46.58 46.31 44.90 46.95
Age (%)      
- 50 – 58 36.70 31.38 36.38 29.82 31.56
- 59 – 67 24.71 34.21 25.93 34.73 31.87
- 68 – 104 38.60 34.41 37.69 35.45 36.57
Self assessed health (%) d      
- good 61.80 55.48 63.09 49.56 64.14
- fair 28.57 31.93 28.84 37.76 26.00
- poor 9.63 12.59 8.07 12.68 9.86
Chronic disease (%)e      
- yes 56.35 47.28 49.22 56.28 48.21
Income (Euro) c      
- 1st (low) f 11,753 12,311 5,647 7,283 19,657
- 2nd 18,808 20,695 8,425 12,255 29,054
- 3rd 29,750 32,301 12,600 18,324 39,093
- 4th 54,304 53,859 21,554 31,707 57,627
- 5th (high) >54,304 >53,859 >21,554 >31,707 >57,627
- 4th/1st 4.62 4.37 3.82 4.35 2.93
- Mean 39,657 37,216 13,985 22,044 41,517
- Median 23,704 25,942 10,021 15,267 33,686
  1. a) forgone care because of costs
  2. b) forgone care because care is unavailable
  3. c) (percentage of reason 1)/(percentage of reason 1 or 2)
  4. d) good: very good or good; bad: bad or very bad
  5. e) at least one disease among a list of 12 doctor diagnosed diseases (see methods)
  6. f) adjusted gross household income per year (quintiles 1 to 4: upper limits)