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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics as risk factors for patients delay.

From: Delay in Tuberculosis case detection in Pwani region, Tanzania. a cross sectional study

  Patient delay
n (%)
No patient delay
n (%)
Odds ratio and 95%CI
Gender    
   Male 58/79(73.42) 79/127 (62.20) OR = 0.6 (95%CI 0.32-1.10)
   Female 21/79(26.58) 48/127 (37.80)  
Marital Status    
   Single 33/79 (41.77) 60/127 (47.24) OR = 0.8(95%CI 0.45-1.41)
   Couple 46/79 (58.23) 67/127 (52.76)  
Age group *    
   < 18 Years 2/79(2.53) 6/124 (4.84)  
   18-40 49/79(62.03) 80/124 (64.52) OR = 0.5 (95%CI 0.10-2.80)
   > 40 28/79(35.44) 38/124 (30.65) OR = 05 (95%CI 0.08-2.41)
Education Level    
No formal education 33/79 (41.77) 60/127 (47.24) OR = 0.8(95%CI 0.45-1.41)
Completed primary school and above 46/79 (58.23) 67/127 (52.76)  
Place of first presentation**    
   Government Facility 47/78(60.26) 97/126 (76.98) OR = 0.3; (95%CI 0.12- 0.71)‡
   Private facility 16/78(20.51) 20/126 (15.87) OR = 0.5; (95%CI 0.17- 1.38)
   Traditional Healers 15/78(19.23) 9/126 (7.14)  
Time spent to go to the nearest Health facility***    
   30 minutes or less 37/79 (46.8) 58/125 (46.4) OR = 1.0 (95%CI 0.56-1.73)
   More than 30 minutes 42/79 (53.2) 67/125 (53.6)  
HIV self reported****    
   HIV positive 14/65 (21.5) 36/103 (35.0) OR = 2.0 (95%CI 0.96- 4.01)
   HIV negative 51/65 (78.5) 67/103 (65.0)  
  1. *n = 3 were missing age,
  2. ** n = 2 were missing place of first consultation
  3. ***n = 2 missing time spent to go to the nearest facility
  4. **** n = 38 were missing HIV status