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Table 4 Least square means (LSM) of annual per capita consultation rates with primary care physicians across language regions, community types, and hospital regions

From: Primary care physician supply and other key determinants of health care utilisation: the case of Switzerland

Variable Level LSM 95% confidence limits
Language region Italian 2.97 2.91–3.04
  Romansh 2.09 1.99–2.19
  Swiss German 3.44 3.26–3.62
  French 3.08 2.74–3.43
Community type Urban centres 3.01 2.80–3.23
  Suburban 2.98 2.85–3.10
  High income 2.78 2.58–2.98
  Periurban 2.85 2.73–2.97
  Tourist 2.90 2.76–3.05
  Industrial-tertiary 3.14 3.02–3.27
  Rural-commuter 2.87 2.76–2.99
  Agricultural-mixed 2.90 2.78–3.01
  Agricultural rural 2.63 2.50–2.77
Hospitala Not present 2.99 2.88–3.09
  Present 2.81 2.69–2.93
  1. a Hospital providing ambulatory services in the same region.