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Table 3 Prevalence and means of out-of-pocket expenditure with the baby in the first three months of life among mothers recruited to the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study, Pelotas, Brazil, 2004.

From: Can mothers rely on the Brazilian health system for their deliveries? An assessment of use of the public system and out-of-pocket expenditure in the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study, Brazil

  Expenditure with baby Total population
  N (%) Mean (R$)*  
Reference wealth quintiles (IEN)** p < 0.001 p < 0.001  
   1 551 (54.8) 16.14 1006
   2 625 (72.8) 37.14 859
   3 693 (76.6) 45.41 905
   4 631 (84.7) 83.61 745
   5 591 (88.1) 123.07 671
Covered by private health plan p < 0.001 p < 0.001  
   No 1862 (71.6) 39.35 2602
   Yes 1230 (91.6) 98.37 1343
All 3093 (73.8) 55.98 4189
  1. * Population average, including households with and without actual spending.
  2. ** Classified according to reference quintiles estimated for Pelotas.