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Table 6 Association of CSR group, mode of delivery and 1-minute or 5-minute Apgar scores, adjusted for gender, age class and semester. Belgium, 2001–4.

From: Screening for inter-hospital differences in cesarean section rates in low-risk deliveries using administrative data: An initiative to improve the quality of care

  Response Variable OR P
a) 1 minute Apgar    
Male vs Female Apgar 0–3 1.32 (1.25; 1.40) <0.01
  Apgar 4–6 1.22 (1.19; 1.26) <0.01
CS vs VD Apgar 0–3 1.76 (1.59; 1.95) <0.01
  Apgar 4–6 1.17 (1.10; 1.24) <0.01
CSR group: High vs Low Apgar 0–3 0.56 (0.48; 0.65) <0.01
  Apgar 4–6 0.87 (0.80; 0.95) <0.01
CSR group: High vs Average Apgar 0–3 0.71 (0.48; 0.80) <0.01
  Apgar 4–6 0.97 (0.91; 1.03) 0.33
CSR group: Low vs Average Apgar 0–3 1.27 (1.14; 1.40) <0.01
  Apgar 4–6 1.12 (1.04; 1.19) <0.01
Average and CS vs High and VD Apgar 0–3 1.22 (1.08; 1.37) 0.02
  Apgar 4–6 1.11 (1.04; 1.18) <0.01
Average and CS vs Low and VD Apgar 0–3 0.99 (0.90; 1.10) 0.88
  Apgar 4–6 0.94 (0.88; 1.01) 0.08
High and CS vs Low and VD Apgar 0–3 0.82 (0.70; 0.95) 0.02
  Apgar 4–6 0.85 (0.78; 0.93) <0.01
b) 5 minute Apgar    
Male vs Female Apgar 0–3 1.29 (1.12; 1.49) <0.01
  Apgar 4–6 1.31 (1.23; 1.40) <0.01
CS vs VD Apgar 0–3 1.84 (1.37; 2.47) <0.01
  Apgar 4–6 1.52 (1.33; 1.74) <0.01
CSR group: High vs Low Apgar 0–3 0.51 (0.33; 0.79) <0.01
  Apgar 4–6 0.45 (0.37; 0.55) <0.01
CSR group: High vs Average Apgar 0–3 0.53 (0.37; 0.76) <0.01
  Apgar 4–6 0.57 (0.49; 0.68) <0.01
CSR group: Low vs Average Apgar 0–3 1.04 (0.79; 1.38) 0.78
  Apgar 4–6 1.27 (1.12; 1.43) <0.01
Average and CS vs High and VD Apgar 0–3 1.15 (0.80; 1.64) 0.45
  Apgar 4–6 1.13 (0.96; 1.33) 0.15
Average and CS vs Low and VD Apgar 0–3 0.91 (0.69; 1.21) 0.51
  Apgar 4–6 0.89 (0.78; 1.00) 0.06
High and CS vs Low and VD Apgar 0–3 0.79 (0.51; 1.22) 0.29
  Apgar 4–6 0.79 (0.65; 0.96) 0.02
  1. OR: odds ratio; () 95% CI.
  2. CS: cesarean section. VD: vaginal delivery.