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Table 1 Physical frailty indicators

From: Interventions to prevent disability in frail community-dwelling elderly: a systematic review

Indicators* Possible measures
Mobility Gait speed
Strength Grip strength
  Chair rise
  Knee extensor strength
Endurance Lack of energy
Nutrition Under-nutrition (decreased food intake)
  Weight loss
  Body Mass Index
Physical inactivity Frequency and duration of walking and bicycling in the previous week and the average amount of time spent monthly on hobbies, gardening, odd jobs, and sports
Balance Items from Berg Balance Scale like
  Sitting to standing
  Standing to sitting
  Standing unsupported
Motor processing Coordination
  Movement planning
  Movement speed
  1. * As mentioned in Ferrucci et al. [14]
  2. As reported in frailty literature