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Table 2 Demographic, social and health status information and predicting HIV symptom intensity from demographic, social and disease characteristics

From: The symptom experience of people living with HIV and AIDS in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

Independent variables N M (SD) Regression equation
   Symptom intensity 1 (adjusted R square = .08) 2 (adjusted R square = .16) 3(adjusted R square = .20)
Gender    Beta Beta Beta
Male 104 24.6 (12.3) .07 .01 .02
Female 406 25.9 (13.9)    
Age      
< 35 years 352 24.9 (13.4) .05 .13* .07
35 years and more 253 27.7 (14.0)    
Educational level      
Grade 7 and less 158 30.0 (14.5) -.20 -.18** -.07
Grade 8–11 296 26.1 (13.3)    
Grade 12 and above 152 22.2 (12.6)    
Geolocality      
1. Rural 255 22.6 (13.4) -- -- --
2. Informal settlements (shanty towns or squatter camps) 40 29.9 (13.1) .13*** .08 .14
3. Urban 212 28.3 (13.3) .20*** .19** .05
Do you have health insurance?      
Yes 53 23.9 (13.6)   .11* .17*
No 455 25.8 (13.3)    
Often or sometimes not enough food in past 12 months      
Yes 292 29.0 (13.5)   .14* .28***
No 211 21.9 (12.8)    
Disability grant for advanced HIV      
Yes 213 25.5 (13.1)   -.19*** -.12
No 111 31.3 (15.0)    
Disability grant stopped      
Yes 78 30.5 (15.2)   .06 .15
No 209 25.4 (13.2)    
Have you been given an AIDS diagnosis?      
Yes 349 27.5 (13.0)    -.00
No 157 21.6 (13.9)    
Hospitalized in past 3 months      
Yes 81 29.7 (13.7)    .11
No 425 24.9 (13.5)    
Most recent CD4      
< 200 196 28.4 (13.4)    -.12
200–350 145 26.2 (13.8)    
> 350 169 23.7 (14.1)    
ART      
Yes 292 26.0 (13.0)    .27***
No 297 26.2 (14.3)    
ART      
One year and more 123 25.2 (13.4)    -.13
None or less than one year 109 29.2 (14.1)    
Taking traditional medicine for HIV      
Yes 40 26.2 (13.5)    -.11
No 549 26.3 (15.8)    
  1. ***P < .001, **P < .01, *P < .05
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