Skip to main content

Table 1 Symptom rank order, frequency, percentage and mean intensity

From: The symptom experience of people living with HIV and AIDS in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

Problem Rank Frequency Percentage Mean intensity (a)
Headaches 1. 403 79.0 2.15
Fever 2. 351 68.8 1.83
Thirsty 3. 346 67.8 2.17
Fatigue 4. 340 66.7 2.10
Weakness 5. 338 66.3 1.79
Painful joints 6. 332 65.1 2.08
Nausea 7. 307 60.2 1.74
Muscle aches 8. 302 59.2 1.95
Fear/Worries 9. 300 58.8 1.87
Dizziness 10. 293 57.5 1.89
Lack of appetite 11. 281 55.1 1.80
Abdominal pain 12. 280 54.9 2.08
Depression (sadness) 13. 279 54.7 2.00
Numbness/tingling of legs 14. 272 53.3 1.93
Coughing/problems catching breath 15. 271 53.1 1.92
Concern over weight loss 16. 270 52.9 2.38
Night sweats 17. 269 52.7 2.03
Memory loss 18. 264 51.8 2.04
Constipation 19. 261 51.2 1.99
Chills (feeling very cold) 20. 258 50.6 1.89
Rash 21. 257 50.4 1.99
Itchy skin 22. 256 50.2 1.98
Anxious 23. 252 49.4 1.80
Numbness/tingling of arms 24. 249 48.8 1.86
Numbness/tingling of feet/toes 25. 244 47.8 1.92
Numbness/tingling of hands/fingers 26. 242(b) 47.5 1.83
Swollen feet 27. 241 47.3 2.03
Dry mouth 28. 240 47.1 2.02
Shortness of breath with activity 29. 240 47.1 1.84
Blurred vision 30. 238 46.7 2.18
Burning with urination 31. 237 46.5 2.04
Difficulty concentrating 32. 235 46.1 1.91
Day sweats 33. 232 45.5 1.87
Chest pain 34. 213 41.8 1.96
Heart racing 35. 210 41.2 2.11
Wheezing 36. 209 41.0 1.84
Insomnia/can't sleep 37. 201 39.4 1.84
Weight gain in stomach area 38. 195(b) 38.2 2.22
Diarrhoea 39. 193(c) 37.8 1.83
Easy bruising 40. 188 36.9 1.82
Shortness of breath at rest 41. 173 33.9 1.87
Loose stools 42. 167(b) 32.7 1.78
Gas/bloating 43. 162 31.8 1.72
Sore throat 44. 156(c) 30.6 1.80
White spots in mouth/Thrush 45. 156 30.6 1.96
Painful swallowing 46. 142(c) 27.8 1.99
Breast pain/changes 47. 140 27.5 1.59
Vomiting 48. 134 26.3 1.71
Prominent leg veins 49. 133 26.1 1.94
Sore/bleeding gums 50. 130(c) 25.5 1.73
Rectal itching 51. 130 25.5 1.97
Swollen glands 52. 127 24.9 1.92
Skinny arms and legs 53. 126(b) 24.7 1.99
Mouth ulcers 54. 115 22.5 1.80
Flushing 55. 115 22.5 1.73
Sores or lumps on genitals 56. 113 22.2 1.85
Concern over weight gain 57. 110 21.6 1.72
Nose bleeds 58. 107 21.0 1.84
Seizures/tremors 59. 99 19.4 2.15
Nipple discharge 60. 61 12.0 1.68
Rectal discharge 61. 52 10.2 1.80
Blood in spit/sputum 62. 50 9.8 1.76
Hump on back of neck/shoulders 63. 47 9.2 1.95
Rectal bleeding 64. 46 9.0 1.95
  1. "a" 1 (mild), 2 (moderate), 3 (severe). "b" Significantly more frequent among PLHIV on ART (P > .01), "c" Significantly more frequent among PLHIV not on ART (P > .01)
\