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Table 4 Predicted 3-year screening proportions among selected low, moderate, high, and very-high risk patients, by sex, and whether published guidelines recommend screening for diabetes and dyslipidemia.

From: Diabetes and lipid screening among patients in primary care: A cohort study

Risk level Age (years) BMI (kg/m2) Race/ethnicity HTN Sex Glucose Triglyceride HDL-C LDL-C Screening recommended
           ADA ATP III USPSTF
           DM Lipid DM Lipid
Low <35 <25 White No F 41% 18% 36% 17% No No No No
      M 44% 25% 44% 23%     
Moderate <35 <25 Non-white No F 48% 19% 38% 18% Yes No No No
      M 52% 25% 46% 24%     
  35–44 25–<30 White No F 63% 37% 56% 36% Yes Yes No No
      M 67% 49% 66% 47%     Yes
High 35–44 30–<35 Non-white Yes F 79% 46% 67% 43% Yes Yes Yes Yes
      M 83% 58% 76% 55%     
  45–54 ≥35 White Yes F 90% 70% 85% 68% Yes Yes Yes Yes
      M 92% 82% 92% 80%     
Very high 55–64 ≥35 Non-white Yes F 95% 81% 93% 80% Yes Yes Yes Yes
      M 97% 91% 97% 89%     
  1. BMI = body mass index. HTN = hypertension during the baseline time period. HDL-C = HDL-cholesterol. LDL-C = LDL-cholesterol. ADA = American Diabetes Association. ATP III = National Cholesterol Education Program. USPSTF = U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. DM = diabetes mellitus.