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Table 2 Outcomes*

From: Prolonged acute mechanical ventilation and hospital bed utilization in 2020 in the United States: implications for budgets, plant and personnel planning

Outcome Point Estimate 95% confidence interval*
Annual MV   
   2000 days 1,515,462 1,231,585 to 1,829,041
   2020 days 3,635,388 2,735,290 to 4,838,746
   2020 costs $42.7 $30.2 to $64.9
Annual non-MV ICU   
   2000 days 757,731 618,896 to 913,025
   2020 days 1,897,694 1,373,865 to 2,437,155
   2020 costs $10.6 $7.3 to $16.2
Total annualized ICU   
   2000 days 2,273,293 1,957,030 to 2,616,069
   2020 days 5,453,082 4,246,669 to 7,020,137
   2020 costs $53.2 $39.0 to $78.7
Annual non-ICU hospital   
   2000 days 2,020,616 1,658,582 to 2,445,627
   2020 days 4,847,184 3,648,522 to 6,444,697
   2020 costs $11.5 $8.0 to $17.3
Total annualized hospital   
   2000 days 4,293,809 3,811,826 to 5,323,280
   2020 days 10,300,266 8,089,043 to 13,042,347
   2020 costs $64.7 $48.6 to $93.7
Total annualized discharges to SNF   
   2000 90,928 N/A
   2020 218,123 177,268 to 266,739
  1. *Costs are in billions of $US; 95% confidence intervals estimated utilizing Monte Carlo simulations.
  2. Annual inflation rate of 8.5% calculated by averaging the 10-year historical inflation rate in the hospital and related care component between 1998 and 2008 [33].
  3. MV is mechanical ventilation. ICU is intensive care unit. SNF is skilled nursing facility.
  4. N/A is not applicable.