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Table 4 Differences in the names and composition of the factors in the American and the Dutch factor structure

From: The psychometric properties of the 'Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture' in Dutch hospitals

American factor structure Dutch factor structure
Factor Items Factor Items
Feedback about and communication about error C1, C3, C5 Feedback about and learning from error C1, C3, C5, A6, A9, A13
Organisational learning – Continuous improvement A6, A9, A13 * *
Overall perceptions of safety A10, A15, A17, A18 Overall perceptions of safety A10, A14, A17, A18
Teamwork across hospital units F2, F4, F6, F10 Teamwork across hospital units F2, F3, F4, F7, F10
Hospital handoffs and transitions F3, F5, F7, F11 Adequate shift changes F5, F11
Staffing A2, A5, A7, A14 Adequate staffing A2, A5, A7
  1. Note: Underlined factors and items indicate where differences occurred. Items A15 and F6 were removed from the Dutch questionnaire.
  2. * The items of the American factors Feedback about and communication about error and Organisational learning – Continuous improvement combined into one factor, Feedback about and learning from error, in the Dutch factor structure.