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Table 1 Characteristics of the 28 patients randomised to the integrated programme, which comprehended prehabilitation and early rehabilitation, and the 32 patients randomised to the standard care programme, exclusively

From: Costs and quality of life for prehabilitation and early rehabilitation after surgery of the lumbar spine

Preoperatively Integrated programme n = 28 Routine programme n = 32
Women 17 (61%) 19 (59%)
Age (years) 48 (31–72) 52 (31–88)
Weight (kg) 77 (48–118) 77 (51–107)
BMI (kg/m2) 25 (21–33) 26 (17–33)
Daily smokers 3 (11%) 5 (16%)
Harmful drinkers 0 0
ASA Classification (I–V)a I (I–II) I (I–II)
Postoperatively   
Patients with major complications a 8 8
   Cardiopulmonary insufficiency 0 0
   Thrombo-Embolic complications 0 0
   Haematomas 1 2
   Severe pain (> 70 at VAS) 6 7
   Allergic reaction 1 0
Patients with minor complications 4 4
   Pneumonia (antibiotics) 0 0
   Wound infection (antibiotics) 0 1
   Urinary tract infection (>105 bacteria/ml) 2 0
   Urinary retention (tubulation) 0 1
   Constipation (laxities) 2 2
Patients with adverse events 3 1
   Delayed order of nursing at home 2 0
   Surgery on Friday b 1 1
Second surgery 0 1 (3%)
Hospital stay after surgery (days) 5 (4–9)* 7 (5–15)
   Stay until reaching all milestones 4 (1–6)* 6 (3–13)
   Extra stay due to complications 18* 30
  1. (Numbers and per cent or median and range)
  2. * P < 0.01 a Requiring intensive treatment or secondary surgery bNot followed by physiotherapy in the weekend