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Table 2 Utilization and access to health services

From: Determinants of health care utilization by immigrants in Portugal

  Total Female Male  
  n % n % N % P
Use of Health services in case of need
   Don't know 54 3.6 23 3.3 31 3.8 0.451
   Health Centre 933 61.7 452 61.1 481 59.5  
   Hospital 313 20.7 131 18.6 182 22.5  
   Health Centre & Hospital 113 7.5 54 7.7 59 7.3  
   Private medicine 79 5.2 35 5.0 44 5.4  
   Other Combinations 21 1.4 10 1.4 11 1.4  
Utilization of the NHS
   Yes 1188 78.6 581 82.5 607 75.1 0.001
   No 324 21.4 123 17.5 201 24.9  
Type of NHS were used*
   Health Centre 422 35.6 185 31.9 237 39.1 <0,001
   Hospital 142 12.0 53 9.1 89 14.7  
   Health Centre & Hospital 622 54.4 342 59.0 280 46.2  
NHS – Satisfaction level*
   Very unsatisfied 65 5.5 38 6.5 27 4.5 0.230
   Unsatisfied 200 16.9 106 18.2 94 15.6  
   Indifferent 99 8.4 46 7.9 53 8.8  
   Satisfied 766 64.6 361 62.1 405 67.1  
   Very Satisfied 55 4.6 30 5.2 25 4.1  
Barriers in access and utilization of NHS *
   None 478 40.2 209 36.0 269 44.3 0.004
   Cost 40 3.4 25 4.3 15 2.5 0.107
   Language 16 1.3 6 1.0 10 1.6 0.453
   Distance 26 2.2 14 2.4 12 2.0 0.693
   Waiting time 596 50.2 312 53.7 284 46.8 0.017
   Health care providers 213 17.9 127 21.9 86 14.2 0.001
   Fear of losing job 11 0.9 7 1.2 4 0.7 0.376
   Other 114 9.6 65 11.2 49 8.1 0.076
  1. *Including only the individuals that had use NHS
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