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Table 4 Adjusted caregiver QOL domain scores compared with general population control group*

From: Family caregiver quality of life in multiple sclerosis among Kuwaitis: a controlled study

WHOQOL-Bref domain Corrected caregiver
mean (SD)
N = 120
General population
Mean(SD)
N = 136
T Df P Effect size 95% C.I.
Physical health 11.3 (3.6) 11.1 (2.0) 0.6 254 0.5 0.08 - 0.17 – 0.32
Psychological health 16.9 (4.9) 17.7 (2.9) 1.5 254 0.1 0.19 - 0.06 – 0.44
Independence 15.3 (4.3) 15.7 (2.7) 0.9 254 0.3 0.12 - 0.13 – 0.36
Social relations 10.4 (3.8) 11.4 (2.2) 2.5 254 0.01 0.62 0.37 – 0.87
Environment 28.6 (6.2) 28.9 (4.5) 0.4 254 0.7 - -
Spiritual 3.4 (1.4) 3.9 (0.8) 3.5 254 0.007 0.43 0.18 – 0.68
General facet health & QOL 7.7 (2.1) 8.3 (1.4) 2.8 254 0.005 0.35 0.11 – 0.60
Physical health:        
RRMS (N = 103) 10.5 (2.1)** 11.1 (2.0)**** 2.2 151 0.03 0.51 0.00 – 1.01
PMS (N = 17) 12.2 (2.9)       
Independence:        
RRMS (N = 103) 14.2 (2.4)*** 15.7 (2.7)**** 0.9 151 0.3 0.25 -0.26–0.75
PMS (N = 17) 16.4 (3.4)       
  1. * Caregiver's QOL domain scores were corrected for patient's depression (BDI) and disability (EDSS) scores
  2. ** Comparison: RRMS Vs PMS physical health: T = 2.9, df = 118, P = 0.004
  3. *** Comparison: RRMS Vs PMS independence: T = 3.3, df = 118, P = 0.001
  4. **** Comparison: PMS Vs general population control group