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Table 2 Comparison of QOL domain scores of caregivers and general population control group

From: Family caregiver quality of life in multiple sclerosis among Kuwaitis: a controlled study

QOL domains WHOQOL-Bref All caregivers:
Mean(SD)
N = 136–170
Control group:
Mean (SD)
N = 136
T Df P Standardized
effect size
95% Confidence
interval
Physical health 6-domain model 10.5 (1.9) 11.1(2.0) 2.4 281 0.02 2.4 0.05 – 0.52
Psychological health 6-domain 16.9 (2.5) 17.7(2.9) 2.6 278 0.01 0.31 0.07 – 0.54
Independence 14.2 (2.2) 15.7(2.7) 5.3 281 0.001 0.63 0.38 – 0.86
Social relations 10.5 (1.8) 11.4(2.2) 3.9 279 0.001 0.46 0.22 – 0.70
Environment 28.2 (3.2) 28.9(4.5) 1.4 279 0.2 0.17 - 0.06 – 0.41
Spiritual 3.6 (0.8) 3.9(0.8) 2.9 281 0.004 0.34 0.11 – 0.58
General facet health & QOL 7.5 (1.0) 8.3(1.4) 5.4 283 0.001 0.64 0.4 – 0.88
Physical health 4-domain model 24.7 (3.8) 26.8(4.4) 4.2 280 0.001 0.51 0.27 – 0.75
Psychological health 4-domain 20.5 (2.9) 21.6(3.4) 2.9 276 0.004 0.35 0.11 – 0.59