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Table 5 Service users who gave unofficial payments and gifts in their last contact with government health services: type of care and timing of payments

From: An inter-country comparison of unofficial payments: results of a health sector social audit in the Baltic States

  Unofficial payments Gifts
  Number of service users responding Number (%) making unofficial payments Number of service users responding Number (%) giving gifts
   Overall:   Overall:
Estonia 2456 18 (0.7) 2475 309 (13)
Latvia 3177 96 (3) 3185 436 (14)
Lithuania 2553 211 (8) 2588 349 (14)
   By type of care:   By type of care:
   General care Specialist care   General care Specialist care
Estonia 2435 3/1338 (0.2) 14/1097 (1.3) 2454 146/1360 (11) 161/1094 (15)
Latvia 3143 39/2004 (2) 54/1139 (5) 3150 220/1999 (11) 212/1151 (18)
Lithuania 2511 66/1229 (5) 140/1282 (11) 2548 151/1249 (12) 193/1299 (15)
   By timing during treatment:   By timing during treatment:
   Before/during After   Before/during After
Estonia   8/16 (50) 8/16 (50)   49/292 (17) 243/292 (83)
Latvia   42/89 (47) 47/89 (53)   128/423 (30) 295/423 (70)
Lithuania   133/198 (67) 65/198 (33)   106/335 (32) 229/335 (68)