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Table 1 Overview of measures and times of administration

From: Profiling quality of care for patients with chronic headache in three different German hospitals – a case study

Variable 4 weeks before admission Admission Discharge 6 months after discharge
Pain intensity1   X X X
Pain disability2   X   X
Days with headache/with analgesics3 X    X
Affective pain4   X X X
Depression5   X X X
Physical and Mental Health6   X   X
Sense of coherence7   X   X
Satisfaction with health8   X X X
Health behavior9   X   X
Global assessment of treatment success10    X X
Satisfaction with hospital stay11    X  
General health status12   X   
Internal health locus of control13   X   
Trust in successful treatment14   X   
Kiel Headache Questionnaire15 X    
Headache Anamnesis and diagnose16   X   
  1. 1 Numeric rating scale from 0 = no pain to 10 = maximum pain (modified from the German Society for the Study of Pain survey [23])
  2. 2 Sum score from German version of the Pain Disability Index PDI [24]
  3. 3 Number of days during 4 weeks reported in headache diaries (administered once daily); headache day means day with pain intensity > 0
  4. 4 Sum score (T-standard-value) "Pain affective" from the Pain Perception scale SES [25] for assessing emotional aspects of pain
  5. 5 Sum score (T-standard-value) of the depression scale ADS [26], the German version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale
  6. 6 Sum scores (T-standard-values) from the German version of the SF-36 [27] to assess health related quality of life
  7. 7 Total score from a short form of the "Sense of Coherence Scale" SOC [28]
  8. 8 Single item 'how satisfied are you with your health?' (5 categories from 1 = unsatisfied to 5 = very satisfied)
  9. 9 4 sum scores for the domains 'healthy food' (frequency of consumption of different food, like fresh fruit), 'physical activity' (frequency of different activities, like walking, biking), 'coping with stress' (use of relaxation techniques), and 'self-help' (frequency of self-applications like cold water or wet packs), built from an ad-hoc 46-item questionnaire on health related behavior
  10. 10 Single item with 5 categories (from 1 = very good to 5 = poor)
  11. 11 7 sub scores based on factor analysis of an unpublished 35-item questionnaire to assess satisfaction of in- patients
  12. 12 Item 1 from the SF-36, assessing the current subjective status of health (5 categories from 1 = bad to 5 = excellent)
  13. 13 Single item to capture the amount of self control of the course of the disease (5 categories from 0 = not at all to 4 = very strong)
  14. 14 Single item to estimate belief in a successful therapy (5 categories from 0 = not at all to 4 = very strong)
  15. 15 Patient questionnaire with 37 items [12]
  16. 16 Documented by physician using an electronic software system (Medical Monitoring [13])