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Table 1 Use of antibiotics and index scores on four cultural dimensions.

From: Are cultural dimensions relevant for explaining cross-national differences in antibiotic use in Europe?

  SAR    CULTURAL DIMENSIONS(e)
  No. Respondents(a) Prescribed use of antibiotics(b) Self-medication with antibiotics(b) ESAC(c) EURO BARO METER(d) PDI IDV MAS UAI LTO
Sweden 704 (69%) 135 4    31 71 5 29 33
Netherlands 1634 (55%) 152 1 10 24 38 80 14 53 44
Austria 442 (28%) 159 9 12 34 11 55 79 70 31
Denmark 1881 (63%) 172 7 13 22 18 74 16 23 46
Poland 935 (32%) 199 33 21 - 68 60 64 93 32
UK 675 (23%) 221 12 14 40 35 89 66 35 25
Belgium (Fl.) 1734 (54%) 222 9 25 40 61 78 43 97 38
Czech Rep. 1169 (59%) 253 7 17 - 57 58 57 74 13
Lithuania 747 (25%) 275 210 - - 42 60 19 65 -
Luxemburg 675 (50%) 288 9 27 41 40 60 50 70 -
Slovenia 1143 (38%) 293 17 17 - 71 27 19 88 -
Romania 430 (43%) 307 198 - - 90 30 42 90 -
Ireland 793 (26%) 353 14 20 44 28 70 68 35 43
Malta 541 (54%) 422 56 - - 56 59 47 96 -
Croatia 615 (31%) 439 31 22 - 73 33 40 80 -
Italy 213 (21%) 512 62 25 44 50 76 70 75 34
Slovakia 546 (55%) 569 42 22 - 104 52 110 51 38
Bulgaria - - - 17 - 70 30 40 85 -
Estonia - - - 12 - 40 60 30 60 -
Finland - - - 18 36 33 63 26 59 41
France - - - 32 45 68 71 43 86 39
Germany - - - 13 26 35 67 66 65 31
Greece - - - 30 40 60 35 57 112 -
Hungary - - - 15 - 46 80 88 82 50
Norway - - - 15 - 31 69 8 50 44
Portugal - - - 27 44 63 27 31 104 30
Spain - - - 19 45 57 51 42 86 19
  1. (a) response rate between brackets
  2. (b) use of antibiotics in the past 12 months, prevalence rate per 1000 respondents [14]
  3. (c) total outpatient antibiotic use in DDD (defined daily dose) per 1000 inhabitants per day [2]
  4. (d) percentage of persons who said they used antibiotics in the past 12 months [13]
  5. (e) indexes of cultural dimensions [23].