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Table 3 Top 10 Reasons for ER Visits by Cohort

From: Healthcare costs and utilization for Medicare beneficiaries with Alzheimer's

  AD Control Odds Ratio*
  Rate per 10,000 (Rank within cohort)†  
Contusion/superficial injury 679 (1) 270 (2) 2.23
Chest pain 480 (2) 353 (1) 1.16
Syncope and collapse 333 (3) 115 (10) 2.64
Open wound except eye and lower arm 316 (4) 115 (11) 2.54
Cystitis, other urinary tract infections 306 (5) 103 (13) 2.69
Other general symptoms 300 (6) 130 (7) 2.07
Other and unspecified pneumonia 288 (7) 145 (5) 1.74
Abdominal/pelvis symptoms 279 (8) 219 (3) 1.10
Stupor/altered consciousness/trans global amnesia/febrile convulsions 264 (9) 41 (37) 5.85
Disorders of fluid/electrolyte/acid-base balance, e.g., dehydration 252 (10) 94 (16) 2.36
Heart failure 192 (14) 181 (4) 0.87
Stomach/intestinal disorders/symptoms, except obstruction, ulcer, and hemorrhage 223 (12) 136 (6) 1.43
Arthropathy/joint disorders, derangements, joint pain/stiffness, excluding gout 193 (13) 122 (8) 1.49
Nonspecific backache and other back/neck pain/disorders 141 (20) 121 (9) 1.05
Any ER visit 10,413 5,733 1.74
  1. * Odds ratio of the AD indicator from the logistic regression predicting any ER visit controlling for overall illness burden (RRS excluding AD and RRS squared).
  2. † 10,000 times the number of ER visits divided by number of individuals in the cohort. Bold text designates reason in the top ten.
  3. ‡ Statistically significant AD effect at p < 0.05.