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Table 3 Summary of major causes of hospital care utilization prior to and on ART

From: Healthcare utilization of patients accessing an African national treatment program

  Outpatient visits Inpatient days
Hospital type Secondary Tertiary Total (%) Secondary Tertiary Total (%)
   Tuberculosis & Bronchiectasis 6    703 1   
   Other bacterial infections 4 7   40 12  
   Cryptococcal Meningitis 14    90 42  
   Other fungal infections 7 3   28   
   Kaposi's sarcoma   33     
   Other HIV-related neoplasms 1 8    173  
   Protozoan infections 3 3   19 23  
   Warts   10    11  
   CMV Retinitis   15    4  
   Other Viral infections 1 15   1 5  
   Other HIV-related events 2 10    17  
All HIV-related events    142 (50)    1168 (78)
   Efavirenz reaction     5 13  
   Nevirapine reaction     1 21  
   Stavudine reaction 11    56 19  
All ART drug reactions    11 (4)    115 (8)
Investigations 2 14   14 (5)    -
   Antenatal care 4 8   7 21  
   Gynecological   7    9  
   Hepatic 6 12   16 6  
   Ophthalmic   19    5  
   Cardio-vascular 5    46   
   Other 24 31   75 26  
All non-HIV-related events    116 (41)    211 (14)
Total 102 181   1087 407  
  1. 1 Includes admissions to specialist tuberculosis hospital. 2 Cause remained uncertain after investigation.