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Table 4 Factor analysis – rotated factor matrixi

From: Evaluating the organisational climate in Italian public healthcare institutions by means of a questionnaire

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item Performance assessment and rewarding systems Leadership style in the unit Job satisfaction Organisational communication Perceived quality of care Team spirit Training and development
17: concern of the General Management about the employees' needs 0.75       
16: clarity of the organization's incentive system 0.69       
33: consistency between the incentive system and the organisation's goals 0.69       
18: efficacy of the General Management's system of internal communication among the various sectors of the organisation 0.66       
24: recognition of good results by the organisation 0.66 0.31    0.30   
4: ability of the system to reward individual performance 0.66       
10: increased motivation after the transformation of the organisation into a public company 0.63   0.37     
13: sense of security as a result of the reorganisation 0.61   0.39     
21: clarity in the assignment of job specifications by General Management 0.61       
30: clarity in the way the General Management evaluates performance 0.60     0.34   
34: respect for enterprisingness within the organisation 0.60     0.31   
25: aims clearly defined by the General Management 0.59       
14: equitable distribution of wages 0.54       
19: propensity to advise others to work in the organisation 0.50   0.36   0.41   
28: efficacious flow of information within the organisation 0.49       0.33
8: propensity of units to collaborate with each other 0.42   0.35     
46: clear aims stated by the unit's chief   0.78      
50: encouragement by the unit's chief to improve professional knowledge   0.77      
47: participation in decisions undertaken within the unit   0.74      
49: support for improvement of competence   0.73 0.31     
42: adequate management of internal conflicts within the unit   0.73      
39: consideration of the employees' opinions by the director of the unit when decisions are made 0.31 0.68      
45: propensity to advise others to work in the unit   0.67 0.35     
44: comprehensibility of projects and aims of the unit   0.65      
43: continuous education programs offered and promoted within the unit   0.62      0.52
40: efficacious flow of information within the unit   0.60      
41:clarity of the incentive system in the unit 0.50 0.57      
35: simplicity of roles and assignment of tasks within the unit   0.51     0.37  
48: adequacy of technical equipment   0.38      
12: job satisfaction    0.65     
1: recognition of one's on-the-job daily achievements   0.34 0.55     
7: on the job teamwork    0.53     
6: personal involvement in decision processes which could affect one's job   0.36 0.53     
5: feeling of responsability during daily work    0.47     
9: feeling of self-direction in daily work situations    0.46     
3: knowledge of the organisational structure of the General Management     0.77    
11: knowledge of the department's structure     0.75    
15: knowledge of the organisation's mission and vision 0.33    0.63    
20: knowledge of the organisation's action plan 0.46    0.54    
31: quality of services provided by the organisation 0.41     0.55   
23: being proud to work in the organisation 0.41   0.44   0.49   
22: concern of colleagues in the organisation about patients' needs      0.48   
26: concern of the General Management about customers' complaints 0.39     0.44   
32: possibility of decision making for the chiefs of the units 0.38     0.41   
36: propensity to teamwork within the unit   0.51     0.55  
37: concern for the patients' requests shown by the colleagues in the unit   0.36     0.49  
29: propensity to teamwork within the organisation 0.30      0.43  
27: continuous education programs offered and promoted by the organisation 0.34       0.66
38: adeguate working conditions in the unit        
2: usually consulting colleagues in unexpected situations        
  1. i Maximum lilelihood extraction – Varimax rotation with Kaiser normalisation