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Table 1 The 38 included reviews and the focus on adherence interventions per review

From: Patient adherence to medical treatment: a review of reviews

Single-focus reviews**)
  Disease/disorder Technical Behavioural Educational Affective Other Complex Various
Buring SM et al., 1999 [36]* Peptic ulcer X       
Claxton AJ et al., 2001 [15]* Various X       
Connor J et al., 2004 [37]* Various X       
Iskedjian M et al., 2002 [38]* Hypertension X       
Richter A et al., 2003 [39]* Various X       
Yildiz A et al., 2004 [40] Depression X       
Giuffrida A et al., 1997 [42]* Various   X      
Macharia WM et al., 1992 [43]* Various   X      
Brown SA 1990 [45]* Diabetes    X     
Devine EC 1996 [46]* Asthma    X     
Devine EC et al., 1995 [47]* Hypertension    X     
DiMatteo MR 2004 [52]* Various      X 1)   
Comparative reviews**)
Schedlbauer A et al., 2004 [58] Hyperlipidemia X   X   X 2) X  
Schroeder K et al., 2004 [49]* Hypertension X   X   X 3) X  
Merinder LB 2000 [54] Schizophrenia   X X     
Mullen PD et al., 1992 [51]* Cardiac care   X X     
Bender B et al., 2003 [27] Asthma   X X     
Peterson AM et al., 2003 [29] Hyperlipidemia   X X    X  
Peterson AM et al., 2003 [28] Various   X X    X  
Takiya LN et al., 2004 [30] Hypertension   X X    X  
Dolder ChR et al., 2003 [53]* Schizophrenia   X X X   X  
Roter DL et al., 1998 [31]* Various   X X X X 4) X  
Sharp J et al., 2005 [60] Hemodialysis   X X X X 5) X  
Higgins N et al., 2004 [59] Elderly    X    X  
Vergouwen ACM et al.2003 [50]* Depression    X   X 6)   
Multiple-focus reviews**)
Burke LE et al., 1997 [9]* Cardiovascular        X
Dodds F et al., 2000 [35]* Psychosis        X
Haynes RB et al., 2005 [6]* Various        X
Morrison A et al., 2000 [41]* Hypertension        X
Newell SA et al., 1999 [67] Cardiovascular        X
Newell SA et al., 2000 [61]* Cardiovascular        X
Nosé M et al., 2003 [55] Schizophrenia        X
Pampallona S et al., 2002 [68] Depression        X
Van Dam HA et al., 2003 [56] Diabetes        X
Van der Wal MHL et al., 2005 [69] Cardiovascular        X
Van Eijken M et al., 2003 [44]* Elderly        X
Vermeire E et al., 2005 [57] Diabetes        X
Zygmunt A et al., 2002 [48]* Schizophrenia        X
Total 38 8 10 15 2 6 8 13
  1. 1) social support, 2) intensified care, 3) patient motivation, 4) provider directed interventions, 5) holistic approaches, 6) collaborative care
  2. *) Reviews with significant differences between types of adherence interventions
  3. **) Single-focus means that the interventions described in the review are all based on one model or theory; comparative means that two or more single-focus interventions are compared in the review; multiple-focus interventions are based on various models or theories