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Table 6 Comparison between hospitals for various variables on staff motivation and organizational responses.

From: 'I believe that the staff have reduced their closeness to patients': an exploratory study on the impact of HIV/AIDS on staff in four rural hospitals in Uganda

Variables All hospitals
N = 237
Hospital A
N = 77
Hospital B
N = 46
Hospital C
N = 70
Hospital D
N = 44
P
1. Staff motivation       
   - Staff motivated 168 (71%) 58 (75%) 26 (57%) 54 (77%) 30 (68%)  
   - Staff indifferent 32 (14%) 13 (17%) 11 (24%) 4 (6%) 4 (9%)  
   - Staff discouraged 37 (16%) 6 (8%) 20% (9) 12 (17%) 10 (23%) 0.02
2. NOT compensated for overtime 141/174 (81%) 58/67, 1 missing (88%) 33/35 (94%) 16/42 (38%) 34/44 (77%) < 0.001
3. Feels adequately protected 142/236 (60%) 43 (56%) 26 (57%) 40 (70%) 24, 1 missing (56%) 0.26
4. Knows how to protect him/herself 223 (94%) 72 (94%) 41 (89%) 67 (96%) 43 (98%) 0.33
5. Guidelines for protection       
   -Awareness 183 (77%) 68 (88%) 35 (76%) 52 (74%) 28 (64%) 0.02
   -Available 92/183 (50%) 42/68 (62%) 12/35 (34%) 24/52 (46%) 14/28 (50%) 0.23
6. Sterilizing metallic instruments**       
   - Autoclaving 159 (84%) 45 (69%) 27 (79%) 53 (95%) 34 (100%) <0.001
   - Boiling 89 (47%) 57 (88%) 13 (38%) 12 (21%) 7 (21%) <0.001
   - Chemicals 64 (34%) 36 (55%) 1 (3%) 6 (11%) 21 (62%) <0.001
7. Protective gear always available:       
   - Gloves 205 (88%) 69 (90%) 39 (85%) 65 (94%) 32 (76%) 0.04
   - Antiseptics*** 185 (93%) 59 (88%) 36 (95%) 56 (97%) 34 (94%) 0.27
   - Apron** 156 (78%) 48 (72%) 28 (74%) 49 (85%) 31 (86%) 0.01
   - Gumboots 130 (55%) 41 (53%) 21 (46%) 47 (67%) 21 (50%) 0.01
   - Vacutainers** 66 (33%) 29 (43%) 3 (8%) 21 (36%) 13 (36%) <0.001
   - Masks** 76 (38%) 22 (33%) 8 (21%) 26 (45%) 20 (56%) < 0.001
   - Goggles** 23 (12%) 3 (5%) 2 (5%) 14 (24%) 4 (11%) 0.02
8. Awareness and accessibility of PEP:       
   - Is aware of PEP 130 (55%) 60 (78%) 16 (35%) 27 (39%) 27 (61%) <0.001
   - Believes that PEP is offered in the hospital 71 (30%) 50 (65%) 3 (6.5%) 11 (16%) 7 (16%) <0.001
9. Availability of HIV/AIDS-related services for staff       
   - Condoms 159 (67%) 74 (96%) 39 (85%) 45 (64%) 1 (2%) <0.001
   - Counselling 230 (90%) 77 (100%) 40 (87%) 66 (94%) 30 (68%) <0.001
   - HIV Testing 217 (92%) 77 (100%) 41 (89%) 66 (94%) 33 (75%) <0.001
   - Antiretrovirals 192 (81%) 72 (94%) 33 (72%) 56 (80%) 31 (71%) 0.03
   - Health Education 217 (92%) 73 (95%) 40 (87%) 66 (94%) 38 (86%) 0.28
  1. * = The denominator is given when different from the N
  2. ** = Selection of people to whom the particular question applied, excluding 2 persons who did not use any sterilizing method, N = 189
  3. *** = only those persons were selected who needed to use these measures in their work
  4. PEP = Post-Exposure Prophylaxis