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Table 2 Characteristics of 429 Hospital Patients in the Clinical Pathway and Usual Care Study Groups (demographics, risk factors and disease severity at admission).

From: A cluster randomized controlled trial of a clinical pathway for hospital treatment of heart failure: study design and population

Variable Clinical pathway (n = 214) Usual Care (n = 215) p value
Male gender 102 110 0.50
Mean age in years (SD) 81.7 (8.3) 79.6 (8.5) 0.011
Admitted from    
General practitioner 106 109 0.77
Home 108 106  
Severity at admission    
NYHA II 16 15  
NYHA III 117 114 0.87
NYHA IV 81 86  
Co morbidities    
Hypertension 154 161 0.58
COPD 52 58 0.58
Diabetes 41 38 0.71
Smoking 34 31 0.68