Skip to main content

Table 5 Effect size between categories of socio-economic variables and CHIP-AE domains

From: Self-reported social class in adolescents: validity and relationship with gradients in self-reported health

Variable Satisfaction Discomfort Resilience Risks Academic achievement
   M Effect size M Effect size M Effect size M Effect size M Effect size
Sex Female 47.1 0.48 48 0.48 47.9 0.28 51.3   51.1  
  Male 52.7   52.5   50.7   50.2   49.6  
Age 12–15 51.0 0.24 51.3 0.24 49.4   53.9 0.87 52.2 0.47
  >15 48.4   48.9   49.3   46   47.6  
Type of family Standard 50.5 0.24 50.8 0.21 50 0.33 51.3 0.26 50.7  
  Non-standard 48.1   48.7   46.7   48.7   48.9  
Paternal level of education University 50.8   50.1   51.3   51.5 0.23 52.4 0.25
  Secondary 49.8   50.8   50.2   49.2   49.8  
  Primary 49.6   50.1   48.6 0.27 50.4   50 0.25
Maternal level of education University 50.5   50.6   52.3   51.7   52.4  
  Secondary 50.5   49.6   50.6   49.7   51.3  
  Primary 49.7   50.4   48.7 0.36 50.2   49.8 0.27
Highest level of education University 50.6   50.2   51.1   51.5   52.3 0.23
  Secondary 49.7   50.1   49.9   49.3   49.9  
  Primary 49.7   50.4   48.5 0.27 50.5   49.8 0.26
Paternal social class I–II 50.7   50.8   51.8   50.3   50.7  
  III 50.1   49.9   50.7   50.2   50.1  
  IV–V 49.9   50.4   48.9 0.30 51.5   49.9  
Maternal social class I–II 50.1   49.9   52.5 0.29 51.9 0.24 53.3 0.24
  III 49.3   49.4   49.8   49.5   50.7  
  IV–V 49.2   51.0   48.1 0.44 50.7   49.9 0.34
Highest social class I–II 50.7   51.3   52.4   50.6   51.9  
  III 50.3   49.5   50.5   49.3   50.9  
  IV–V 49.8   50.4   48.8 0.36 51.3   49.9  
  1. The table shows ES > 0,2. Where there are 3 categories, the first box indicates the EFFECT SIZE between the first and second categories; the second is that between the second and third categories, and the third box that between the first and the third categories. Higher scores in the CHIP-AE domains mean better health: high Satisfaction, better Resilience and academic achievement, and less Discomfort and Risks