Skip to main content

Table 2 Logistic regression models results 1,2

From: Preventable hospitalization and access to primary health care in an area of Southern Italy

Model 1. Outcome: Overall preventable hospitalization
Variable OR SE 95% CI p
Log-likelihood = -194.19, χ 2 = 220.14, p < 0.001, Number of observations = 488
Number of PCP medical visits in the previous year 0.1 0.04 0.05–0.23 < 0.001
Number of patients for each PCP 2.25 0.38 1.62–3.13 < 0.001
Satisfaction with PCP health services 0.34 0.09 0.2–0.58 < 0.001
Length of hospital stay 0.95 0.02 0.91–0.99 0.011
Sex 0.52 0.14 0.31–0.87 0.013
Self-reported health status 0.53 0.14 0.31–0.89 0.017
Number of PCP accesses in the previous year 0.52 0.15 0.3–0.93 0.027
Age 1.03 0.01 1.01–1.05 0.027
Number of hospital admissions in the previous year 1.76 0.46 1.06–2.93 0.03
Additional persons in the household 0.75 0.13 0.53–1.06 0.105
Type of admission 0.57 0.24 0.25–1.3 0.18
Distance between patient's home and hospital 0.99 0.01 0.98–1.01 0.399
Model 2. Outcome: Preventable hospitalization for cardiovascular diseases
Log-likelihood = -150.13, χ 2 = 153.38, p < 0.001, Number of observations = 429
Number of patients for each PCP 2.2 0.43 1.5–3.22 < 0.001
Satisfaction with PCP health services 0.31 0.09 0.17–0.57 < 0.001
Number of PCP medical visits in the previous year 0.12 0.06 0.05–0.3 < 0.001
Length of hospital stay 0.94 0.02 0.9–0.99 0.013
Self-reported health status 0.5 0.16 0.27–0.93 0.027
Number of PCP accesses in the previous year 0.52 0.17 0.27–0.98 0.044
Working activity 0.37 0.18 0.13–0.97 0.044
Sex 0.62 0.18 0.35–1.1 0.106
Number of hospital admissions in the previous year 1.53 0.46 0.85–2.77 0.156
Additional persons in the household 0.76 0.15 0.51–1.13 0.172
Age-adjusted Charlson et al. comorbidity index 1.08 0.07 0.96–1.22 0.19
Model 3. Outcome: Preventable hospitalization for respiratory diseases
Log-likelihood = -92.36, χ 2 = 116.38, p < 0.001, Number of observations = 385
Number of patients for each PCP 2.86 0.8 1.66–4.94 < 0.001
Satisfaction with PCP health services 0.27 0.11 0.13–0.58 0.001
Number of PCP medical visits in the previous year 0.11 0.07 0.03–0.4 0.001
Sex 0.27 0.12 0.11–0.64 0.003
Number of emergency accesses in the previous year 2.71 1.12 1.2–6.11 0.016
Number of PCP accesses in the previous year 0.34 0.15 0.14–0.82 0.017
Type of admission 0.2 0.17 0.04–1.05 0.058
Living condition 2.35 1.08 0.95–5.81 0.063
Self-reported health status 0.49 0.21 0.21–1.12 0.092
Age 1.03 0.02 0.99–1.07 0.131
Age-adjusted Charlson et al. comorbidity index 0.88 0.08 0.73–1.05 0.159
Length of hospital stay 0.97 0.03 0.92–1.02 0.232
Model 4. Outcome: Preventable hospitalization for diabetes
Log-likelihood = -21.54, χ 2 = 18.77, p = 0.0277, Number of observations = 144
Number of patients for each PCP 4.75 3.29 1.22–18.48 0.025
Number of hospital admissions in the previous year 9.74 10.67 1.14–83.39 0.038
Number of PCP accesses in the previous year 0.15 0.17 0.02–1.34 0.090
Education level 0.27 0.23 0.05–1.46 0.129
Length of hospital stay 0.88 0.09 0.72–1.08 0.216
Number of specialist visits in community health services 0.36 0.37 0.05–2.79 0.326
Self-reported health status 2.61 2.57 0.38–18 0.332
Sex 2.47 2.33 0.39–15.65 0.338
Age 1.04 0.05 0.95–1.14 0.340
  1. 1Significance level is set at p ≤ 0.05
  2. 2The variables are presented in order of decreasing significance.
  3. PCP, primary care physician.