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Table 1 Selected characteristics of the study population

From: Preventable hospitalization and access to primary health care in an area of Southern Italy

Characteristic N* %
Sex   
   Male 236 48
   Female 256 52
Age group, years   
   < 65 106 21.5
   65–74 139 28.3
   75–84 196 39.8
   ≥ 85 51 10.4
   Median 75  
Education level   
   No formal education 177 36
   Primary school 186 37.8
   Secondary school or higher 129 26.2
Marital status   
   Married 286 58.1
   Others 206 41.9
Living condition   
   With family 368 74.8
   Other 124 25.2
Additional persons in the household   
   None 110 22.4
   1 205 41.6
   > 1 177 36
Working activity   
   Retired 411 83.5
   Other 81 16.5
Distance from home to hospital, km   
   ≤ 5 227 46.1
   6–35 153 31.1
   > 35 112 22.8
   Median 20  
Type of admission   
   Emergency physician 432 87.8
   Other 60 12.2
Length of hospital stay, days   
   Median 9  
Age-adjusted Charlson et al. comorbidity index   
   Median 4  
Self-reported health status on a 10 points scale   
   ≤ 4 211 42.9
   ≥ 5 281 57.1
PCP accesses in the previous year   
   None 4 0.8
   1–12 129 26.2
   > 12 359 73
PCP medical visits in the previous year   
   ≤ 12 304 62.3
   > 12 184 37.7
Satisfaction with PCP health services   
   No/few 135 27.7
   Rather/much 353 72.3
Difficulty of access to PCP health services   
   No/few 404 82.8
   Rather/much 84 17.2
Patients for each PCP   
   < 1000 146 29.9
   1000–1300 137 28.1
   > 1300 205 42
District health services accesses in the previous year   
   None 310 63.5
   ≥ 1 178 36.5
Emergency accesses in the previous year   
   None 260 52.8
   ≥ 1 232 47.2
Hospital admissions in the previous year   
   None 275 55.9
   ≥ 1 217 44.1
  1. *The numbers that do not add to 492 are due to not applicable data for the variable.
  2. PCP, primary care physician.