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Table 3 Association between funding award and research payback

From: A systematic evaluation of payback of publicly funded health and health services research in Hong Kong

   Funding Award*
   Low Moderate High P value
  N (%)   n(%)   
Knowledge production      
   Projects with publications 154(86.5) 45 (79.0) 56 (87.5) 53(93.0) 0.09
  Mean(SD)   Mean (SD)   
   Publications per project 5.4 (8.1) 2.8 (3.2) 5.0(5.6) 8.5(12.0) <0.001
   Peer reviewed publications per project 2.1(2.7) 1.1(1.7) 2.0(2.5) 3.3(3.3) <0.001
   Journal impact factor 3.0(3.9) 1.9(1.6) 2.7(2.7) 3.5(5.0) <0.001
   Journal ranking 19.7(24.7) 35.7(45.7) 17.0(16.7) 16.1(15.2) 0.02
   Citations per year 1.9(4.0) 2.5(6.4) 1.3(1.4) 2.2(4.1) 0.23
  N (%)   n(%)   
Research utilisation      
   Led to participation in health-related policy/advisory committees post research completion 34(19.1) 8(14.0) 13(20.3) 13(22.8) 0.47
   Pre- and during- research process liaison with potential users 69(38.8) 19(33.3) 25(39.1) 25(43.9) 0.51
Research targeting and capacity building      
   Generated subsequent research 80(44.9) 16(28.1) 29(45.3) 35(61.4) 0.002
   Led to qualifications 68(38.2) 19(33.3) 20(31.3) 29(50.9) 0.06
   Led to career advancement 61(34.3) 9(15.8) 25(39.1) 27(47.4) 0.001
Informing policy and decision making      
   Findings used in policy making 63(35.4) 13(22.8) 23(35.9) 27(47.4) 0.02
   Findings expected to be used in policy making 32(27.8) 5(11.4) 14(34.2) 13(43.3) 0.01
Application of the findings through changed behaviour      
   Led to changes in behaviour 88(49.4) 23(40.4) 27(42.2) 38(66.7) 0.01
   Expected to lead to changes in behaviour 36(40.0) 10(29.4) 16(43.2) 10(52.6) 0.22
Health and health service benefit      
   Reported health service benefit 75(42.1) 23(40.4) 24(37.5) 28(49.1) 0.41
   Expected future health service benefit 34(33.0) 8(23.5) 11(27.5) 15(51.7) 0.04
  1. *Low = HKD 6,110–97,180; Moderate = HKD98,940–529,900; High = HKD532,242–993,300.