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Table 2 Comparisons between measures of structure for Medicare volume compliant and non-compliant hospitals.

From: Payer leverage and hospital compliance with a benchmark: a population-based observational study

  Kidney Liver Heart Lung
  Non-compliant
(n = 40)
Compliant
(n = 133)
P-value Non-compliant
(n = 29)
Compliant
(n = 59)
P-value Non-compliant
(n = 60)
Compliant
(n = 40)
P-value Non-compliant
(n = 40)
Compliant
(n = 26)
P-value
Prop teach 60% 84% ** 71% 88% * 83% 87%   84% 90%  
Prop priv 45% 36%   48% 20% ** 42% 23% ** 35% 13% *
Prop for-profit 4% 3%   5% 0% * 3% 0%   3% 0%  
Prop urban 97% 100% * 100% 100%   97% 100% * 99% 100%  
Bedsize             
   Small 19% 4.% ** 14% 4% * 6% 1%   9% 0%  
   Med 21% 20%   22% 16%   21% 18%   19% 24%  
   Large 60% 76%   64% 80%   73% 81%   72% 76%  
Region             
   NE 19% 25%   24% 16%   13% 11%   15% 8%  
   NC 25% 23%   20% 29%   33% 28%   35% 27%  
   South 33% 27%   29% 30%   33% 37%   33% 29%  
   West 23% 25%   27% 25%   21% 24%   17% 36%  
  1. Abbreviations: prop, proportion; teach, teaching; priv, private; med, medium; NE, northeast; NC, north-central
  2. †Chi-square tests were performed for all categorical variables.
  3. *For P ≤ 0.05.
  4. **For P ≤ 0.001.