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Table 5 Scenarios illustrating the cost saving potential for the entire country upon improvement of medical inpatients' nutritional care. The calculation only includes hospitalisation courses for patients above the age of 59 years who are hospitalised for at least 7 days (2003 – price level). Row II to VI presents the results of the sensitivity analysis. The variation in reduction of days (0.7 and 6.1 respectively) is taken from [14]. Extra allocation of resources (i.e. hiring an nutrition assistant) is included due to inspiration from [6]. The variation in the percentage of under-nourished is based on [5].

From: Nutritional care of medical inpatients: a health technology assessment

  Assumptions Reduction in number of inpatient days Annual cost reduction (USD)
I 35% under-nourished. 3.4 days' reduction in hospital stay. No allocation of extra resources. 97,229 22 m.
II 35% under-nourished. 0.7 days' reduction in hospital stay. No allocation of extra resources. 19,732 4 m.
III 35% under-nourished. 6.1 days' reduction in hospital stay. No allocation of extra resources. 175,012 39 m.
IV 35% under-nourished. 3.4 days' reduction in hospital stay. Extra allocation of resources (i.e. hiring of nutrition assistant). 97,229 6 m.
V 20% under-nourished. 3.4 days' reduction in hospital stay. No allocation of extra resources. 55,559 12 m.
VI 50% under-nourished. 3.4 days' reduction in hospital stay. No allocation of extra resources. 138,899 31 m.